It was founded in 1062 by the great King Youssef Ibn Tachfine of the Almoravid dynasty. There is a rich and varied crafts, many resorts, the Ourika station, the Tombs of the Saadian dynasty, the Koutoubia, palaces Al Badie Al Bahia, and also his great square of Jemaa El Fna (a cradle of oral literature).